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2018 Ballot Proposal Guide Bookmark

In 2018, voters will decide to either approve or reject three seminal legislative measures that, if adopted, could have significant and immediate impact throughout the state.

Ballot proposals differ from the traditional, standard process followed by lawmakers in that they give citizens the opportunity to cast their personal vote on whether or not a proposed idea becomes law.

Held on November 6, the General Election gives Michigan voters the chance to share their voices on the following:

Proposal 1: Coalition to Regulate Marijuana Like Alcohol

This proposal intends to authorize and legalize the possession, use, and cultivation of recreational marijuana products by individuals who are at least 21 years of age and older, and the commercial sales of marijuana through state-licensed retailers.

If enacted, this proposal would:

  1. Allow individuals 21 and older to purchase, possess, and use marijuana and marijuana-infused edible products, and grow up to 12 marijuana plants for personal consumption.
  2. Impose a 10-ounce limit for marijuana held at personal residences and require amounts over 2.5 ounces be secured in locked containers.
  3. Create a state licensing system for marijuana businesses and allow municipalities to ban or restrict them.
  4. Permit retail sales of marijuana and edibles subject to a 10% tax, dedicated to implementation costs, clinical trials, schools, roads, and municipalities where marijuana businesses are located.
  5. Change several current violations from crimes to civil infractions.

Proposal 2: Voters Not Politicians

A constitutional amendment to establish a commission of citizens with exclusive authority
has been suggested with its mission being to redraw district boundaries and apportionment plans for the Michigan Senate, Michigan House of Representatives and U.S. Congress, every 10 years.

Proposal 2 would amend Sections 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 of Article IV, Sections 1, 2, and 4 of Article V, and Sections 1 and 4 of Article VI of the Michigan Constitution.

If enacted, this constitutional amendment would:

  1. Create a commission of 13 registered voters randomly selected by the Secretary of State:
  2. Four (4) members each who self-identify as being affiliated with 1 of the 2 major political parties; and
  3. Five (5) members who self-identify as unaffiliated with major political parties.
  4. Explicitly prohibit partisan officeholders and potential candidates, their employees or staff, certain relatives, and state registered lobbyists from serving as commission members.
  5. Implement new redistricting criteria to include geographically compact and contiguous districts of equal population to better reflect population diversity and communities of interest.
  6. Districts shall not provide disproportionate advantages to political parties or candidates.
  7. Establish dedicated funding for commission operations and commissioner compensation.

Proposal 3: Promote the Vote

A proposal to authorize automatic and Election Day voter registration, straight-ticket and no reason absentee voting; and add current legal requirements for military and overseas voters as well as postelection audits to the Michigan Constitution.

The Voting Rights Policies Initiative would amend Section 4 of Article II of the state constitution.

If enacted, this proposal would allow registered, United States voters over the age of 18 to:

  1. Become automatically registered to vote when applying for, updating or renewing a driver’s license or state-issued personal identification card, unless the person declines.
  2. Simultaneously register to vote with proof of residency and obtain a ballot during the 2-week period prior to an election, up to and including Election Day.
  3. Obtain an absent voter ballot without providing a reason.
  4. Cast a straight-ticket vote for all candidates of a particular political party when voting in a partisan general election.

Three other proposals were enacted by the legislature and are not eligible to appear on the ballot, including:


Proposed initiated law to repeal the Prevailing Wages and Fringe Benefits Act, 1965 PA 166, MCL 408.551 to 408.558. Petition filed on November 3, 2017 and determined sufficient by the Board of State Canvassers on June 1, 2018. With the Legislature’s enactment of the proposal on June 6, 2018, it is ineligible to appear on the ballot.


Proposed initiated law to gradually increase the hourly minimum wage from $10.00 in 2019 to $12.00 in 2022. Petition filed on May 21, 2018 and
determined sufficient by the Board of State Canvassers on August 24, 2018. With the Legislature’s enactment of the proposal on September 5, 2018, it is ineligible to appear on the ballot.


Proposed initiated law to require employers to provide sick leave for personal or family health reasons, subject to certain conditions. Petition filed on May 29, 2018 and determined sufficient by the Board of State Canvassers on July 27, 2018. With the Legislature’s enactment of the proposal on September 5, 2018, it is ineligible to appear on the ballot.

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